Prevention Mother-to-child Treatment
The Society for AIDS Care is the only organization that provides 100% successful Prevention Mother-to-child Treatment (PMTCT) of HIV in Hong Kong. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is when an HIV-infected woman passes the virus to her baby, so called vertical transmission. This can occur during pregnancy, labour and delivery, or breastfeeding. Without treatment, around 15%-30% of babies born to HIV-infected women will become infected with HIV during pregnancy and delivery. A further 5%-20% will become infected through breastfeeding. Therefore, additional prevention measures are necessary to reduce the risk of transmission of HIV. We implement a series of key interventions as a component of overall maternal, newborn and child health services. First we offer appropriate counseling and support to women living with HIV to enable them to make informed decisions about their reproductive lives. Then earlier initiation of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive mothers is recommended. As long as their quantity of HIV antibodies is undetectable, delivery could be given. Followed by the birth of child, we recommend the avoidance of breastfeeding and prolonged use of ARVs to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV to the rate of 1%.